Asthma quizlet

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Theophylline - place in therapy. -moderate/severe asthma. -adjunctive to inhaled corticosteroids. -SR oral preparations preferred. -NOT for treatment of acute symptoms. oral SR theophylline. -BID tabs in average metabolizing children and adults. -tabs should be swallowed whole or may be broken in half.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like True or False, Asthma is a long term condition that can be managed and cured, Asthma causes the airways to _____ and _____ which causes wheezing., Asthma that has an allergic type of reaction is called? and more.Asthma is becoming a more prevalent disease since the early 1990s. From 1982 to 1992, the rate of asthma jumped from 34.7 to 49.4 per thousand.[1] The prevalence of asthma in the USA is around 8%.[2] There also has been some mixed trends around the world where different countries have either had increasing cases or have been …Mechanism of action of beta 2 agonists in asthma. 1.Binds to beta 2 receptor and Stimulation of these receptors causes smooth muscle relaxation (like gastrointestinal tract,bladder, uterus)2.Binds to beta2 receptor on mast cells and reduce histamine production3.Reduction of histamine production leads to less contraction,less secretion,less edema.ThatAM23. Terms in this set (44) Asthma. Chronic inflammatory lung diseaseInflammation causes varying degrees of obstruction in the airwaysInflammation causes wheezing, chest tightness, breathlessness, cough. About Asthma. Reversible in early stagesWheezing-air trappingCoughing night and early morningAffects 18 million Americans 3,300 die yearly.The American Lung Association's Asthma Basics program is offered as a self-paced online learning module or an in-person workshop and designed to help people learn more about asthma. The program is ideal for frontline healthcare professionals, such as school nurses or community health workers, as well as individuals with asthma, …Overview. Asthma attack Enlarge image. Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This can make breathing …Severe persistent asthma. Asthma symptoms occur throughout the day-Ages 0-4: >1 nighttime awakening/week-Ages: 5+: daily nighttime awakenings-Tx with SABA several times per day. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma, Causes of bronchial obstruction (4), 3 components of diagnosing asthma and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like albuterol, salmeterol, Tiotropium and more. ... (use prophylactically, black box warning; potential for severe asthma exacerbation) Tiotropium. Long acting muscarinic antagonists (used in COPD) Fluticasone. inhaled glucocorticoids (controller) budesonide. inhaled glucocorticoids ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like asthma is a _____ disorder of the airways, asthma causes airway _____, leading to symptoms such as:, inflammation seen in asthma causes varying degrees of and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like what is asthma, what can cause cough in asthma patients, classification of disease severity in asthmatics and more.acute asthma. (Based on the client's history and symptoms, acute asthma is the most likely diagnosis. Patients will usually give a history of a wheeze or a cough, exacerbated by allergies, exercise, and cold. There is often diurnal variation, with symptoms being worse at night. Many asthmatics have nocturnal coughing spells but appear normal in ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like , Which two major categories are included in asthma medications? 1. Control and reliever 2. Preventive and quick acting 3. Steroids and bronchodilators 4. Bronchodilators and anti-inflammatories, Which statement will the nurse recognize as accurate regarding self-management of asthma? Select all that apply. One, some, or all ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What are the 4 types of asthma, What is Step 1 asthma treatment, What is step 2 asthma treatment and more.A. Provide a quiet environment. B. Encourage use of incentive spirometry every 1 to 2 hr. C. Obtain a blood sample for electrolyte study. D. Administer heparin via continuous IV infusion. D. A nurse is assessing a client who is 4 hr postop following a total laryngectomy.Theophylline - place in therapy. -moderate/severe asthma. -adjunctive to inhaled corticosteroids. -SR oral preparations preferred. -NOT for treatment of acute symptoms. oral SR theophylline. -BID tabs in average metabolizing children and adults. -tabs should be swallowed whole or may be broken in half.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Which assessment findings would indicate a possible asthma exacerbation? Select all that apply. One, some, or all responses may be correct. A. Fever B. Stridor C. Wheezing D. Tachycardia E. Hypotension, The nurse provides instructions about how to use a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) to a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...which of the following is an upper respiratory tract organ. pharynx. what is the major functin of the nasal mucosa. to warm and humidify air. what is located in the pharynx that traps large airborne particles. tonsils. what is the term for an allergy affecting the nose. allergic rhinitis. what type of infection is the common cold.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like The client just started kindergarten this year. The school nurse notices the he has a persistent dry cough, wheezing, and difficulty keeping up with the other children on the playground. His wheezing intensifies after he lies on the floor mats in his classroom for a nap. The nurse checks his school health history. His mother ...During asthma attack is classic hyperinflation (Large lung fields, increased a. p diameter, Flattened diaphragms, Translucent (dark) lung fields ; Between Asthma attacks is normal. Asthma diagnosis is based on? childhood symptoms, good clinical judgement. In older children/adult, a physical exam ad hx of demonstration of irreversible / variable ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like asthma is a _____ disorder of the airways, asthma causes airway _____, leading to symptoms such as:, inflammation seen in asthma causes varying degrees of and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What is one of the most important things to recognize with Asthma?, What are S/S of Asthma, Why can Asthma symptoms come back spontaneously or worsen? and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing an acute asthma exacerbation. Which of the following medications should the nurse identify as being contraindicated for this client? A.Dextromethorphan B.Montelukast C.Ciprofloxacin D.Propranolol, A nurse is …Mechanism of action of beta 2 agonists in asthma. 1.Binds to beta 2 receptor and Stimulation of these receptors causes smooth muscle relaxation (like gastrointestinal tract,bladder, uterus)2.Binds to beta2 receptor on mast cells and reduce histamine production3.Reduction of histamine production leads to less contraction,less …Late signs of resp. distress. grunting, see-saw breathing, AMS, bradycardia, cyanosis, hypotension,loss of muscle tone, head bobbing, decreased response to pain. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma, Most common complaint of asthma, Asthma is caused by and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Which factor is a possible trigger for asthma exacerbations?, The nurse recognizes that which number of nighttime awakenings caused by asthma symptomology would be classified as mild disease?, What assessment finding is the most common clinical manifestation of an asthma attack? and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma is described as a lung disorder characterized by :, List the anatomic alterations associated with asthma, Describe the epidemiology and risk factors associated with asthma, and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like When admitting a patient with the diagnosis of asthma exacerbation, the nurse will assess for which of the following potential triggers? (Select all that apply.) A. Exercise B. Allergies C. Emotional stress D. Decreased humidity, A nurse is working on a respiratory care unit where many of the patients are affected by asthma ...Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation. It is defined by the history of respiratory symptoms such as wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness and cough that vary over time and in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation.risk factors of asthma. 1. hx of allergic rhinitis, polyps, eczema. 2. exposure to triggers. 3. nocturnal wheezing or coughing (GERD) 4.numbers of ER visits, hospitalization and intubation. changes in the lung with asthma. - airway inflammation => airway hyperresponsive => airway edema & bronchoconstriction.State 1 Initial Presentation: • Conducts general survey (physical appearance, body structure, mobility, behavior) • Recognizes precipitating factors leading to increased shortness of breath. • Completes assessment of respiratory system. • Identifies abnormal lung sounds and pathophysiology that creates the sounds.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Which of the following medications are most likely to be ordered for a patient with a history of moderate persistent asthma exacerbations? Select all that apply. • Ipratropium bromide and albuterol sulfate (DuoNeb) • Metoprolol (Lopressor) • Montelukast (Singulair) • Fluticasone (Flovent) • Albuterol sulfate (Proventil ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like 4 characteristics of asthma, How many deaths per year are there from asthma?, Why is asthma the leading cause of hospitalization of children in the US? and more.The primary pathologic finding in asthma is airway inflammation, particularly with eosinophils and T lymphocytes. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like The aerosol particle size most likely to deposit in the lower airways is: A. 10-20 μm B. 5-10 μm C. 1-5 μm D. 0.1-0.5 μm, Advantages of spacer devices include all ...21 terms. thekylahkennedy Teacher. 1 / 5. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like asthma is the highest hospitalization rate among who, what is asthma, common findings with asthma and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What are the characteristics of asthma?, What are the asthma phenotypes?, What is the most common way to diagnose asthma? and more.Cough-variant asthma differs from other types of this respiratory disorder. It’s characterized by a dry & nonproductive cough that lasts more than four weeks in children and more t...A long-acting beta2 agonist and an inhaled corticosteroid with a short-acting beta2 agonist, instructions on using a peak flow meter and monitoring peak flow rates, and an asthma action plan. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A patient runs five times a week and uses a short-acting beta2 agonist 10 to 15 minutes ...• Worsening of asthma during sleep is referred to a nocturnal asthma. • Patients with nocturnal asthma exhibit significant falls in pulmonary function between bedtime and awakening. • Typically their lung function reaches a nadir at 3 to 4am. Experts consider nocturnal symptoms to be a sign of inadequately treated persistent asthma.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What are some Lung Function Concerns for Pediatric Asthma?, Why is there a Higher risk of lung function changes if asthma symptoms are present < 3 years of age?, _____ is an optimal time for therapeutic intervention. and more.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like You have administered three nebulized treatments of albuterol to a one-year-old patient with asthma who is experiencing little relief from his bronchospasm. You note that one of his prescriptions is propranolol. At this point, you should consider administering:, You are called to a scene for a 7-year-old female having an asthma ...4. Symptoms triggered by viral infections (URI), exercise, allergen, weather, laughter, irritants [car exhaust fumes, smoke, strong smells]. A patient will have a decreased probability that symptoms are due to asthma if: (5) 1. Isolated cough with no other respiratory symptoms. 2.B. administer oxygen by nasal cannula and place a surgical mask over her mouth and nose. C. administer oxygen by nasal cannula. D. place a non-rebreather mask without supplemental oxygen over her mouth and nose. C. decreased alveolar ventilation. A 63-year-old male complains of shortness of breath.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Prior to developing a plan for the treatment of asthma, the patient's asthma should be classified according to the NHLBI Expert Panel 3 guidelines. In adults mild-persistent asthma is classified as asthma symptoms that occur: 1. Daily 2. Daily and limit physical activity 3. Less than twice a week 4. More than twice a week and ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A health care professional is advising a patient about the use of beclomethasone to treat asthma. The health care professional should explain that the drug treats asthma because it performs which of the following actions? a. thins mucus b. relaxes bronchial smooth muscle c. decreases inflammation d. increases the cough threshold ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Which laboratory results will provide the most important information regarding the respiratory status of a child with an acute asthma exacerbation a.CBC b. ABG c. BUN d. PTT, Is the most important piece of information but the nurse must ask parent of a child in status asthmaticus a. What time …Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A patient is in an urgent care center with an acute asthma attack. The nurse expects that which medication will be used for initial treatment? A. An anticholinergic such as ipratropium B. A short-acting beta2 agonist such as albuterol C. A long-acting beta2 agonist such as salmeterol D. A corticosteroid such as fluticasone, The ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like When admitting a patient with a diagnosis of asthma exacerbation, the nurse will assess for what potential triggers? Select all that apply. Exercise Allergies Emotional stress Decreased humidity Upper respiratory infections, The patient is receiving 3 L of oxygen (O 2) via nasal cannula.ASTHMA (PEDIA) Get a hint. asthma. Click the card to flip 👆. A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing. Click the card to flip 👆. 1 / 52.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that is increasing in prevalence, and is most commonly seen in children., Asthma is characterized by all of the following except one. Which one is the exception? a. coughing b. wheezing c. tightness d. increase blood pressure, The most common type of asthma is and more.Using an asthma inhaler correctly is a tricky, multi-step process. If you don’t do it just right, you cannot get the full benefit of the drugs, potentially making the asthma worse ...Children with asthma have symptoms of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, exercise intolerance, or chest tightness. Common exacerbating factors include viral infections, exposure to allergens and irritants (e.g. smoke, air pollution, strong odors, fumes), exercise, emotions, and change in weather/humidity. Nocturnal symptoms are common.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like "I'm sure you are breathing better now.", "I will listen to Curtis' lung sounds, and the provider will be in shortly.", "I would tell them I'm in the emergency department with my child." and more.D. Asthma is a fairly common condition. In what way is an asthma attack similar to a heart attack (which involves the stoppage of proper blood flow)? B. Both involve the constriction of an internal passageway. What is the direct cause of asthma attacks? B. Swelling and excess mucous in the airways.What 3 things are occurring during Acute Asthma? -Bronchospasm-edema -mucous production. What is the DOC treatment for Acute Asthma? the first line treatment are B adrenergic agents.-albuterol rescue inhaler to treat bronchospams by binding to B2 receptors, resulting in bronchodilitation. -the edema and inflammation can take weeks to resolve.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A total or partial airway obstruction during an asthma attack may lead to which condition?, Which statement best describes asthma? Alveolar obstructive episodes that are irreversible Chronic bronchi irritation, leading to inflamed mucosa and hypertrophy of the mucous glands Periodic, … Theophylline - place in therapy. -moderate/severe asthma.

Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like 1. Which of the following best describes asthma? A. intermittent airway inflammation with occasional bronchospasm B. a disease of bronchospasm that leads to airway inflammation C. chronic airway inflammation with superimposed bronchospasm D. relatively fixed airway constriction, 2. The patient you are evaluating is having a ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like You have administered three nebulized treatments of albuterol to a one-year-old patient with asthma who is experiencing little relief from his bronchospasm. You note that one of his prescriptions is propranolol. At this point, you should consider administering:, You are called to a scene for a 7-year-old female having an asthma ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with status asthmaticus who is currently not receiving any medical treatment. Which risk factor should the nurse consider for this client? (Select all that apply.) Anxiety Hyporeflexia Hypercapnia Hyperresonance Alkalosis, The nurse is preparing to teach a client who is newly diagnosed ...Adjust: treatment of modifiable risk factors and comorbidities, use non-pharm strategies, adjust asthma medications down/up/between tracks, educate, do skill training. Review: symptoms, exacerbations, side effects, lung function, patient satisfaction. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Pathophysiology of asthma ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like 1. The nurse is caring for a patient who has asthma and administers a selective beta2-adrenergic agonist to treat bronchospasm. The nurse will expect this drug to also cause which side effect?, 2. A patient who has asthma is diagnosed with hypertension. The nurse understands that which drug will be safe to give this patient?, 3 ...national asthma education and prevention program. (1991) Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma, what are an asthmatics lungs like in between attacks?, what happens during an acute asthma attack? and more.What are the 5 types of asthma?-briefly
Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A patient seen in the asthma clinic has recorded dai.

Asthma is a chronic lung disease (no cure) that causes narrowing and inflammation of the airways (bronchi and bronchioles) that leads to difficulty breathing. Breathing Normally. You breathe in air, it travels down through your upper airway to your lower airway, which is the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli (where gas exchange happens).Name 3 predictors of adult asthma persistence. 1- Diagnosis during school age. 2- presence of atophy (genetic tendency to develop) 3- Bronchial hyper-reactivity (BHR) Describe what the genetic component of asthma may help us indicate. First, whether we have a good chance of developing asthma, and the rate or age that we will devl. it.Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting people of all ages. It is caused by inflammation and muscle tightening around the airways, which makes it harder to breathe. Symptoms can include …a SABA (ex: Albuterol or Proair inhaler) Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like What is one of the most important things to recognize with Asthma?, What are S/S of Asthma, Why can Asthma symptoms come back spontaneously or worsen? and more.Zafirlukast is approved for children over the age of 7. -Anti-immunoglobulin E (anti-IgE) antibody: Omalizumab (Xolair) for allergic-type moderate to persistent asthma is approved for use in children older than 12. Administered SQ every 2-4 weeks. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Definition, Asthma is the leading ...What is asthma? Chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms: • Reversible airflow obstruction. •Bronchial hyperresponsiveness. •Inflammation and edema. Precipitating factors for asthma? •History of atopy. •Environmental Allergens. •Upper Respiratory Infections/PNA.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma is a chronic heterogeneous disease of the airways, usually characterized by, Asthma is characterized by variable, but reversible, episodes of shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and chest tightness caused by exposure to a "trigger" (inhaled antigen). The result is an early asthmatic response characterized by, Once an ...Definition of Asthma. nA chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. nMany cells and cellular elements play a role. nChronic inflammation. nnnnIncreased airway hyperresponsiveness. nnnnRecurrent wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. nWidespread, variable airflow obstruction. nOften reversible spontaneously or with treatment.1)Long acting beta agonist: salmeterol. **good for nocturnal asthma. 2)Chronic systemic steroids (oral) **Steroid dependent asthmatics. 3)Leukotriene modifier (montelukast) ***can decrease the amount systemic steroids in severe asthmatics. 4)Cromolyn: mast cell stabilizer. What do you take for nocturnal asthma symptoms.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A client uses a MDI to aid in management of asthma. Which action indicates to the nurse that the client needs further instruction regarding its use? SATA, A 34-year-old female w/a Hx asthma is admitted to the emergency department. The nurse notes that the client is dyspneic, w/a RR of 35 breaths/min, nasal flaring, and use of ...Define asthma. A disease characterized by attacks of narrowing of the airway that occur intermittently and may range from mild attacks of shortness of breath to profound respiratory failure and death. Define bronchospasm. Caused by the contraction of smooth muscles of the walls of the airway (Bronchi and bronchioles) which lead to the airways ...Pro-inflammatory factors released by mast cell directly act on walls of the bronchioles and attract other cells such as eosinophils which help in contributing to the inflammatory process. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Define asthma, What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?, What is the atopic triad? and more.1. Wheeze when laughing or crying, during exercise, or in the absence of infection. 2. History of allergies, eczema, or asthma in a first degree relative. 3. Clinical improvement with 2-3 months of treatment, and worsens when treatment stopped.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A nurse should establish which outcome(s) on the care plan for a patient taking oral terbutaline? Select all that apply. ... Only in an emergency 2 weeks on, 2 weeks off To abort an asthma attack On a consistent, daily basis, The patient is taking a nonselective adrenergic agonist ...Neti pots: baby water or sterile. Saline nasal drops. Hydration. Bulb suction. positioning. Blow pinwheel, Chest PT. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like The diagnosis of Asthma in children is based on, Most characteristic sign of Asthma, RAD: reactive airway disease and more.Deaths from asthma attacks in England and Wales are at the highest level in a decade. Try our Symptom Checker Got any other symptoms? Try our Symptom Checker Got any other symptoms...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Which class of sympathomimetics are used to treat bronchoconstriction in asthma?, What β2 does not end in "-erol" and is used to treat asthma?, Treatment (8) : Persistent asthma (not β2 agonist) and more.People with asthma will have the airways in their lungs become inflamed or swollen. People with asthma will have the airways in their lungs become inflamed or swollen. This conditi...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma is characterized by all of the following symptoms EXCEPT: A. pulmonary edema. B. dyspnea. C. wheezing. D. coughing., Asthma is the result of an abnormal _____ response in the bronchial airways. A. immune B. biochemical C. nutritional D. none of the above, The chief physiological concern with asthma patients during an ...Secondhand smoke is a risk factor for new cases of asthma in preschool-aged children. Secondhand smoke can also trigger asthma episodes and increase the severity of attacks. Children's developing bodies make them more susceptible to the effects of secondhand smoke and, due to their small size, they breathe more rapidly than adults, thereby ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like define asthma, symptoms of asthma, what is shown on spirometry for asthma? and more.3.) control of factors contributing to asthma severity, and. 4.) the pharmacologic treatments. Asthma is described as a lung disorder characterized by: 1.) reversible bronchial airway smooth muscle constriction 2) airway inflammation 3.) increased airway responsiveness to an assortment of stimuli.Albuterol is a short-acting β2-agonist and is administered, sometimes with an oral corticosteroid, to control a mild-to-moderate exacerbation of asthma. A patient presents to the emergency department with dyspnea. The patient's vital signs are temperature 98.6° F, blood pressure 160/100 mm Hg, heart rate 90 beats/minute, respiratory rate 25 ...asthma is characterized by. -variable and recurrent episodes. -bronchial hyperresponsiveness. -underlying inflammation. mechanisms causing airflow obstruction. -contraction of the airway smooth muscle. -thickening of airway due to swelling. -plugging airway with mucus. -airway remodeling.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Asthma is caused by a response of the: A) immune system. B) endocrine system. C) respiratory system. D) cardiovascular system., Dyspnea is MOST accurately defined as: A) shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. B) a complete cessation of respiratory effort. C) a marked increase in the exhalation phase. D) labored breathing ...Asthma. - inflammatory condition characterized by episodes of reversible airway narrowing due to contraction of smooth muscle within the airway wall. - It is a common disorder that affects approximately 7% to 10% of the population. -Although asthma can occur in any age group, it is particularly common in children and young adults and probably ...Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards contain